A dermatitis caused by a substance that chemically injures, physically abrades or otherwise damages the skin.
Protective reflex of the tracheo-bronchial tree that restricts entry of potentially damaging substances into the deeper and more vulnerable parts of the respiratory system. Subepithelial irritant receptors are stimulated by inhaled noxious gases, particulate matter, allergens, or pathogens. The motor response resulting from the stimulation results in rapid bronchospasm, glandular secretion, and histamine release. This can also occur during bronchoscopic procedures. SYN bronchoconstriction reflex.
An inflammatory reaction of tissues to an injury. An irritation is a non-allergic condition that possesses no physiological memory of the offending substance. Repeated contact will result in cumulative irritation which may cause contact dermatitis on the skin, trigger asthma if inhaled, increase wound inflammation, initiate granulomas and adhesions, etc.
Inspiratory Reserve Volume
Local inadequate blood supply resulting in local hypoxia-decreased oxygenation of the affected tissue.
The dorsal and posterior of the three principal bones composing either half of the pelvis consisting in humans of a thick portion, a large rough eminence on which the body rests when sitting, and a forwardly directed ramus which joins that of the pubis.
Skin preparations that release free iodine on contact with skin or mucous membranes. They have rapid kill but minimal residual activity. Their effectiveness is reduced or blocked by the presence of organic materials such as blood and sputum. Not always effective against pseudomonas.
Characterized by normal pressure or density. Applies to a solution with specific gravity equal to that of another solution (e.g. cerebrospinal fluid) taken as a reference.
Of, relating to, existing as, or characterized by ions