The amount of air (approximately 1.2 L) that can be expelled at the end of normal tidal breath through forceful contraction of the accessory expiratory group of muscles.

Escherichia coli, commonly called E. coli, is a group of bacteria that normally live in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and animals and are regularly found in the stool. There are an increasing number of antibiotic resistant strains causing severe infections.

The time the disinfectant must be in contact with the targeted organism to inactivate or kill it under the conditions stated on the manufacturers label instructions. For example, if the kill time for a spore is 10 minutes, the use dilution of a liquid disinfectant must remain wet and in contact for the entire 10 minutes, and not be wiped off or dry of its own accord until the 10 minute kill time is completed.

Epidural Steroid Injection

Oxygenation of the blood outside the body (e.g., on pump or cardiopulmonary bypass).

The passage in the throat through which food passes from the mouth into the stomach.

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) is conducted by passing the patients blood through a unit that extracts C02 from the patients blood and incorporates O2 into the processed blood pumped back into the patient.

Excellence in Sterile Processing

The leakage of intravenous drugs from the vein into the surrounding tissue. Extravasation injury usually refers to the damage caused by leakage of solutions from the vein to the surrounding tissue spaces during intravenous administration.

Electrosurgical Unit