A direct and indirect hazard; functions as an abrasive particle, immunological activator, transporter of chemicals, proteins and microorganisms. Powder lowers the threshold for acquiring an infection. It also interferes with wound healing and increases the risk for incremental complications in OR and Post-OP care. On surgical gloves, powder is composed of a uniquely cross-linked cornstarch (USP absorbable dusting powder). Cross-linking is performed with oxychlorhydridrin or phosphorus oxichloride.