A measure of the total amount of usable air available in the lungs following a maximal inspiratory effort (approximately 4.8 L); VC equals the sum of the inspiratory reserve volume, tidal volume, and the expiratory reserve volume. SEE lung volumes.

A strong band of elastic tissue lying within the vocal fold. Vocal ligaments form the medial edge of the rima glottides.

Electromotive force, pressure, or potential expressed in volts.

The bowel twists upon itself occluding the flow; bowel obstruction.

Tidal Volume (approximately 0.5 L in an average young adult man)

Measurement of the amount of weight necessary to propagate a tear after a V has been cut.

Degree of pathogenicity (potential of a given microorganism to cause disease in a specific host). The concept includes infectivity, invasiveness, and toxicity.

Of or pertaining to a position toward the belly, or, in humans, the anterior or front surface of the body.

A microorganism that can cause an infection and that needs a host (human, animal or other living organism) in order to propagate. Is considered to be non-living by most definitions.

Passes laterally and anteriorly to the sides of the torso, innervating associated muscles and skin , and gives origin to the nerve plexuses.