A term used to describe the handling procedures, sanitation, and freshness of food.

Flash sterilization refers to steam sterilization that does not utilize a full or terminal cycle. The intention is to use it for emergency situations in the OR such as when an essential instrument is accidentally contaminated.

A small opening, perforation, or orifice, as in a bone or between chambers as in foramen ovale.

Formally known as necrotizing fasciitis caused by a number of bacteria including streptococcus pyogenes, staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio vulnificus, clostridium perfringens, Bacteroides fragilis), the disease causes a type of toxic shock syndrome and invades the human epithelial cells, causing rapid and extensive tissue destruction.

Spirometric measurement of exhalation occurring in the middle half of a forced expiratory maneuver.

The curve produced when the instantaneous flowrate of air (vertical, y-axis) is plotted against the volume of air moved (horizontal, x-axis); expiratory flow-volume curves are generated above the x-axis; inspiratory flow-volume curves are generated below the x-axis.

The volume of air (in liters) exhaled in the first 1 second of a forced expiration.

Developed to simulate a challenge to the fluid splash resistance of a face mask under conditions similar to actual use. During this test, face masks are insulted with synthetic blood, and graded as a pass or fail. The masks are evaluated at fluid pressures of 80, 120, and 160mm Hg. The higher the pressure at which a mask passes, the greater the fluid splash resistance.

Forced expiratory volume in the first second.

Family of synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotics derived from nalidixic acid.