Family of synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotics derived from nalidixic acid.

A saline solution used with vascular in-line catheters to push any blood back into circulation. Blood left in the catheter may clot which can release into the circulation (emboli), create a breeding ground for microbial growth within the catheter (biofilm), or create back flow conditions.

Process of pushing water through the feeding tube to clear it of formula or medications preserving patency and reducing microbial growth.

A rubber catheter with a balloon tip to be filled with a sterile liquid after it has been placed in the bladder using sterile technique; used when continuous drainage of the bladder is desired, such as in surgery, or when repeated urinary catheterization would be necessary if an indwelling catheter were not used.

Inanimate objects capable of transporting bacteria, spores, viruses or other infectious agents to other surfaces or patients. Examples are contaminated bedding, linens, gloves, doorknobs, light switches, thermometer handles, clothing, PPE, blood pressure cuffs, light switches, remotes, monitor screens, computer keyboards, food trays, pens, charts, wheel chairs, etc.

A term used to describe the handling procedures, sanitation, and freshness of food.

A small opening, perforation, or orifice, as in a bone or between chambers as in foramen ovale.

Spirometric measurement of exhalation occurring in the middle half of a forced expiratory maneuver.

The volume of air (in liters) exhaled in the first 1 second of a forced expiration.

Forced expiratory volume in the first second.