Safeguards to reduce the risk of droplet transmission of infectious agents suspended in droplets larger than 5 microns. Designed to protect the mucosal surfaces of the mouth, respiratory tract and eyes. Droplets are generated from source persons by speaking, coughing and sneezing as well as several procedures (e.g. tracheal suctioning and bronchoscopy). It is estimated that droplets this size fall out of the air at a distance of 3-6 feet from the source patient. Thus, a mask should be worn when a provider will be that close to the patient.
An event that occurs when a drug effect is altered by ingested nutrients or when a medication alters nutrient availability.
Complex reaction due to a rapid emptying of gastric contents that brings about one or more episodes of diarrhea.
The first or proximal portion of the small intestine, extending from the pylorus to the jejunum.
A tough, fibrinous membrane forming the outer covering of the CNS.
A measurement of how readily a lung region fills during a period of gas flow.
An unpleasant abnormal sensation which is usually touch, evoked by normal stimuli.
Physiological swallowing difficulty that can lead to severe nutritional compromise without treatment.
Difficulty breathing; shortness of breath.